Health

Staph Infection on Face

Staph Infection on Face

Staphylococci are aerobic (i.e., able to live only in the presence of oxygen) or facultative anaerobic (i.e., typically requiring oxygen, but which in case of need can survive even in its absence if necessary). In some circumstances, however, they can turn into pathogens capable of triggering even hazardous infections. So in this article, we will give you a complete guide about staph infection on the face.

About 30 different types are known, but the best known is probably Staphylococcus aureus, which is responsible for most skin infections, pneumonia, bacteremia, and other health problems that can be caused by staph, including shock syndrome. Toxic and food poisoning.

Symptoms and diseases associated with Staphylococcal infection?

The problem most often associated with staph are skin infections. Their possible symptoms include:

  • pimple-like skin nodules that may red, swell, and hurt, sometimes filled with pus
  • impetigo, a condition characterized by blisters on the skin that turn into scabs
  • So cellulite, with swelling and redness of an area of ​​the skin that warms up

The staph can also cause more severe infections; however, going to hit:

  • heart
  • blood
  • joints
  • bones
  • lungs

Staph Infection On Face: Cures and treatments

Most staph infections can be resolved with antibiotic treatments or through the drainage of the disease. However, strains such as those of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus may not respond to antibiotic treatments usually used to fight this bacterium. In these cases, the treatment of the infection can become complicated. So at other times, doctors prefer to drain the infection without administering any drugs.

Staph Infection On Face: Aureus Infections

Staphylococcus aureus is the leading cause of skin and soft tissue infections. So, in most cases, these are not severe ailments, and sometimes the bacterium just colonizes or triggers the infection years after exposure. However, staph can also cause severe infections. Of particular concern are those caused by strains resistant to the antibiotic methicillin. So to find out more, click here.

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcal Infections

Methicillin-resistant staph is a type of Staphylococcus aureus. So that has developed resistance to many of the antibiotics commonly used to treat staph infections. So to find out more, click here.

Vancomycin-Resistant Staphylococcal Infections (VRSA)

Vancomycin-resistant staphylococcus is a strain of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus resistant to the action of the antibiotic vancomycin, considered for years the drug of choice for the treatment of infections caused by methicillin-resistant staph aureus (MRSA) strains. So to find out more, click here.

Vancomycin-Sensitive Staphylococcal Infections (VISA)

Staphylococcus with intermediate resistance to vancomycin is a Gram-positive bacterium belonging to the genus Staphylococcus when they do not respond to less aggressive active ingredients. In particular, doses of vancomycin equal to 4-8 times. So to find out more, click here.

Disclaimer: The information provided represents general information and does not in any way replace the doctor’s opinion. In case of discomfort, it is advisable to contact your doctor or go to the emergency room.

Staph Infection On Face: transmitted

Staph infection usually is transmitted through contact with an infected person or with contaminated surfaces (e.g., door handles, buttons of elevators, pillowcases, towels, etc.). So the causes may be food handling by people with Staph Infection On Face infections or the ingestion of raw milk from cows suffering from mastitis. Less frequently, the condition occurs through the inhalation of droplets spread with sneezing, coughing, or while talking.

The risk of getting staph infection increases in the presence of some factors:

  • Chronic skin diseases
  • Skin burns
  • Wounds (cuts, grazes) or open ulcers
  • Local skin infections
  • Insect bites
  • Chronic kidney disease in dialysis treatment
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Lung diseases
  • Tumors
  • Radiotherapy
  • Influence
  • HIV / AIDS
  • Immunosuppressive drugs, chemotherapy, or corticosteroids
  • Organ transplant
  • Intravenous drug use
  • Poor hygiene
  • Implanted medical devices (e.g., venous catheter or prosthesis)
  • Surgical interventions
  • Contact with infected people
  • Long-term hospitalization
  • Babies and nursing women

How staphylococcal infection manifests itself

Staphylococci can result in mild infections, usually localized to the skin, but also much more severe and potentially lethal against

  • Heart
  • Blood
  • Joints
  • Bones
  • Lungs

The Staph Infection On Face, depending on the severity, the type of microorganism responsible for the localization and may therefore occur in different ways.

Burns skin syndrome: Staph Infection on Face

It is caused by the toxins (known as an exfoliative toxin ) of staph and presents with fever, eye discharge. And blisters similar to those given by burns, followed by the detachment of large areas of the epidermis. So this syndrome mainly affects infants and children.

Impetigo

It is characterized by the formation of serous blisters on the skin that tend to burst and form crusts. So it is widespread in children, especially in the first 5 years of life.

Cellulite: Staph Infection on Face

It occurs with the appearance of redness, inflammation, edema. And skin pain in the area affected by the infection and is often accompanied by fever.

Folliculitis and furunculosis

The folliculitis is manifested by the appearance at the inflamed hair follicles, pimples that may redden, swell, itch and hurt. So in the case of furunculosis, the infection affects the deeper layers of the strand.

Sty: Staph Infection on Face

It consists of the inflammation of the sebaceous glands present at the level of the eyelashes and presents with a sort of boil accompanied by swelling, redness, and pain.

Bacteremia

It occurs when bacteria enter the bloodstream, usually due to the presence of intravascular catheters or other medical devices. The bacteremia staph infection is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in the case of prolonged hospitalization and/or debilitated patients. Staphylococcus epidermidis is the main culprit.

Endocarditis: Staph Infection on Face

It mainly affects people with heart prostheses or implantable devices such as central vascular catheters or people who abuse intravenous drugs. Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause, but in a tiny percentage of cases, endocarditis can also be caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis.

Osteomyelitis

It is characterized by pain, reduced mobility of the affected area, redness, swelling, fever, and chills. In some cases, skin fistulas with leaking pus may also appear. Because osteomyelitis typically occurs in children and Staphylococcus aureus is the leading cause.

Bacterial pneumonia

It manifests as high fever, shortness of breath, cough, sputum, and sometimes lung abscesses. So staphylococcal pneumonia can occur after prolonged use of immunosuppressants or corticosteroids, after a lengthy hospitalization, or after mechanical ventilation.

Food poisoning

Some strains of Staph Infection On Face produce toxins that can cause foodborne infections. So, symptoms consist of overwhelming vomiting, often associated with watery diarrhea, chills, and a mild rise in temperature.

Toxic shock syndrome

It is caused by toxins produced by staph and causes rapidly progressive symptoms. So that includes fever, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, dizzying lowering of blood pressure, and decompensation of several organs.

Mastitis

It is manifested by pain, swelling, and redness of the breast, generalized malaise, and high fever. It typically develops in the first few weeks after delivery and can also include cellulitis and abscesses that release large amounts of bacteria into breast milk.

Arthritis and septic bursitis

They manifest themselves with pain in correspondence with the affected joint, which tends to be accentuated with movement. Swelling, joint stiffness, high fever, and a burning sensation may also appear.

Staphylococcal enterocolitis

It occurs rarely and should be suspected in hospitalized patients. Especially if they have recently undergone abdominal surgery or if they have undergone antibiotic therapy. So, who manifests intestinal obstruction, abdominal distension, and pain, fever, hypotension, and diarrhea.

Staphylococcal Infection Diagnosis

The diagnosis of staph infection is carried out by:

  • Anamnesis
  • Physical examination
  • Culture of specimens collected from nasal mucous membranes, blisters or skin lesions, blood, and other infected body fluids.
  • Radiodiagnosticexaminations: in some cases are helpful X-ray, CT, MRI, bone scan
  • Skin biopsy: in some particularly severe cases, a biopsy may be necessary for the area affected by the lesions

How staph infections are treated

The treatment of staph infections depends on:

  • Site of infection
  • The severity of the disease
  • Responsible bacterial strain

Food poisoning and less severe skin infections generally do not need specific treatment and tend to heal spontaneously within a short time. So in skin infections, it is essential to comply with adequate hygiene rules: keep the infected area clean and covered.

For more severe and/or organ-related infections, the choice of the type of antibiotic, to be administered orally or intravenously, falls on penicillins or alternatively on:

  • Oxacillin
  • Cephalosporins
  • Macrolides
  • Tetracyclines
  • Fluoroquinolones
  • Carbapenems
  • Aminoglycosides
  • Treatment of MRSA infections

As for the treatment of methicillin-resistant staphylococcal infections (MRSA) and for severe infections caused by strains resistant to other antibiotics, the following can be used:

  • Vancomycin
  • Teicoplanin
  • Daptomycin
  • Ceftaroline
  • Linezolid
  • Tedizolid
  • Telavancin
  • Quinupristine
  • Dalfopristina

For MRSA infections acquired outside the hospital (in the community), in addition to those used for nosocomial conditions, the following can be used:

  • Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
  • Clindamycin
  • Minocycline
  • Doxycycline

Additional potentially valuable treatments are:

Drainage: to be performed in case of skin abscess

Surgery: helpful in removing collections of subcutaneous pus, abscesses of internal organs (brain, heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, or spleen), bone infections, or infected implanted devices (artificial heart valves, joint prostheses, etc.)

  • IV fluids
  • Respiratory assistance
  • Pain relievers and anti-inflammatories

Complications and prognosis

Staphylococcal infections generally resolve, with adequate treatment, in about 1-3 weeks, although recovery times depend on the general health of the subject, the competence of his immune system, the type of infection, and the kind of treatment.

The possible complications include sepsis and septic shock, multiple organ failure. Healthy people who develop a non-severe staph infection on the face recover quickly without any kind of problem. Because lower are the rates of repeated infections and severe infections (deep or invasive) leading to severe consequences or death.

Preventing staph infections

The prevention of staphylococcal infections is possible through the adoption of simple precautions and good hygiene rules:

Wash your hands thoroughly (especially if you have been in contact with infected people)

  • Avoid handling food in case of skin infection
  • Store and cook food properly
  • So keep wounds clean and covered
  • Disinfect objects and surfaces

Do not touch the infected area to avoid spreading the infection to others or to other areas of your body. Avoid sharing items such as linen, towels, razors, toothbrushes, etc. (especially if you have staph infections). Use the towels only once to clean or dry the infected area and then wash in warm water.

In health facilities, moreover, for preventive purposes of early diagnosis, at the time of hospitalization it is often performed routinely (active surveillance), or only to specific categories of patients at risk – for example, subjects who must undergo surgery or are in the ICU or have had a previous staph infection – a screening for MRSA.

FAQ

What is a staph infection and how do you get it?

Staphylococci are gram-positive bacteria that have a spherical shape and live generally only in the presence of oxygen (but there are also some types that even in the absence of oxygen can survive). The staphylococci are primarily present on the skin and in the nose where it does not cause any problem or at least can cause mild infections of the skin. The problem arises when they turn into pathogens that can cause infections that are also very dangerous for human health.

So, there are about 30 different types of staph infections. Among these, the best known is Staphylococcus aureus, which generates skin infections, pneumonia, and other infectious forms, among which toxic shock syndrome and food poisoning stand out.

How do you get a staph infection?

Staph infection is contracted through physical contact with people or surfaces contaminated by the bacterium. The risk of contracting it is more significant when there is the presence of cuts or wounds.

What are the symptoms of a staph infection?

So, the main consequences of a staphylococcal infection concern skin infections, capable of developing various symptoms, including the formation of skin nodules similar to boils and sometimes filled with pus, the appearance of bubbles that turn into scabs, the shape of cellulite, and consequent swelling and redness of the affected part of the skin.

What complications can be associated with a staph infection?

The staph infection more severe problems can lead to various organs, including the heart, blood, bones, lungs, and joints.

How can a staph infection be treated?

Almost all staph infections can be cured with the use of antibiotics or through the drainage of the disease. Other strains of staph. Such as that methicillin-resistant staph aureus – are resistant to the antibiotics that are typically used to fight staph infections

 

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